Cic edizioni internazionali
Clinical Dermatology

Instructions

GENERAL INFORMATIONS

Pre-acceptance English language editing service
Authors for whom English is a second language should have their manuscript professionally edited or edited by a fluent English speaker before submission. This service is aimed to:
• improve grammar, spelling, and punctuation;
• improve clarity and resolve any ambiguity caused by poor phrasing;
• improve word-choice and ensure that the tone of the language is appropriate for an academic journal.

Open access
All articles published by Clinical Dermatology are made freely and permanently accessible online immediately upon publication, without subscription charges or registration barriers. Authors of articles published in Clinical Dermatology are the copyright holders of their articles and have granted to any third party, in advance and in perpetuity, the right to use, reproduce or disseminate the article.

Indexing services
Clinical Dermatology is under evaluation by PubMed Central (PMC), the free archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature at the U.S. National Institutes of Health's National Library of Medicine (NIH/NLM)Once obtained the indexing, all articles published by Clinical Dermatology full-text of each article publised by Dermatologia Clinica will be deposited immediately and permanently archived in PMC.

INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS

Title: Give the main title. Use titles that stimulate interest, are easy to read and concise (12 words or fewer), and contain enough information to convey the essence of the article. Also provide a short or “running” title of 7 or fewer words.

Authors
List authors in the order in which they are to appear in the byline of the published article. In the case of group authorship, identify one or more authors who will have responsibility for the publication. Give the institutional affiliation for each author, financial support information, contact information for the corresponding author, and contact information for the author to receive reprint requests.

Word Count
List the word count for the text of the manuscript. Don’t include the abstract or the references in word counts.

Abstracts
Abstracts should accompany all submissions except Editorials

Original Articles
Objectives, Methods, Results, Conclusion. If the study is a randomized, controlled trial, list where the trial is registered and the trial’s unique registration number at the end of the abstract.

Reviews
Background, Purpose, Data Sources, Study Selection, Data Extraction, Data Synthesis, Limitations, Conclusions.

Case Based Reviews
A case report of extreme clinical interest incorporating a mini review in an area of new knowledge

Editorials
A commentary on outstanding original article. Only upon solicitation from the editorial board.

Manuscript Text
For original articles, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses, use four main headings when arranging text: Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. Aim for clear, concise, logically organized presentations. Use active voice whenever possible. Specific guidance on content follows.

Introduction
Use short introductions that concisely set up the context of the research for readers. Always end the introduction with a clear statement of the study’s objectives or hypotheses.

Methods
Briefly describe the methods used for the study.For studies involving humans, describe in the Methods section how participants were assembled and selected, and the sites or setting from which they were recruited. State, if true, that an institutional review board approved the study or affirm that the protocol is consistent with the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki (World Medical Association), and state whether participants gave their informed consent. For all studies, include a statement at the end of the Methods section describing the role of the funding source for the study.

Results
Fully describe the study sample so that readers can gauge how well the study findings apply to their patients (external validity). Then present primary findings followed by any secondary and subgroup findings.

Discussion
Consider structuring the discussion according to the following sequence.
1. Provide a brief synopsis of key findings, with particular emphasis on how the findings add to the body of pertinent knowledge.
2. Discuss possible mechanisms and explanations for the findings.
3. Compare study results with relevant findings from other published work.
4. Discuss the limitations of the present study and any methods used to minimize or compensate for those limitations.

Acknowledgments
Acknowledge only persons who have contributed to the scientific content or provided technical support. Authors should obtain written permission from anyone they wish to list in the Acknowledgments section. The corresponding author must also affirm that he or she has listed everyone who contributed significantly to the work in the Acknowledgments.
If the study had no external funding source or if the funding source had no role in the study, state so explicity

References
Number references, using Arabic numerals in parentheses, in the order in which they first appear in the text. References cited in a table/figure should appear in numeric order relative to the first citation of the table/figure in the text. For example, if the last reference cited before the table/figure in question is mentioned as reference 14, and that table/figure contains 5 references that have not been cited, the references in the table/figure would be numbered 15 through 19. Reference citations in the text would then recommence with number 20. Examples are given below:
1. Altomare DF, Spazzafumo L, Rinaldi M, Dodi G, Ghiselli R, Piloni V. Set-up and statistical validation of a new scoring system for obstructed defaecation syndrome. Colorectal Dis 2008;10:84-8.
2. Nelson R. Does lifestyle cause colorectal cancer? In Challenges in Colorectal Cancer (eds Scholefield JH, Abcarian H, Grothey A and Maughan T). Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford 2006, 2nd edition:1-13.

Footnotes
Use footnotes only on the title page and in tables. Do not use footnotes in the text. Footnote symbols, in the order in which they should be used, are *, †, ‡, §, ||, ¶, **, ††, ‡‡, and so on. Do not use numbers or letters. TablesFor electronic submitting please follow the instructions reported at http://author.clinicaldermatology.it/
Type each table on a separate page at the end of the main document. Do not submit tables as photographs. Number tables consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a brief title for each. Give each column a short or abbreviated heading. Place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading. Explain in footnotes all non-standard abbreviations that are used in each table. Identify statistical measures of variations, such as standard deviation and standard error of the mean. Do not use internal horizontal and vertical rules. Be sure that each table is cited in the text. If you use data from another published source, obtain permission and acknowledge fully

Figures
For electronic submitting please follow the instructions reported at http://author.clinicaldermatology.it/
Figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they have been first cited in the text. If a figure has been published, acknowledge the original source. If the manuscript is accepted for publication, written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the material will have to be supplied. Permission is required irrespective of authorship or publisher except for documents in the public domain. If photographs of people are used, either the subjects must not be identifiable or their pictures must be accompanied by written permission to use the photograph.
Figures should be professionally drawn, photographed and digitised or created electronically; freehand or typewritten lettering is unacceptable. Letters, numbers and symbols should be clear and even throughout and of sufficient size that when reduced for publication, each item will still be legible. Titles and detailed explanations belong in the legends for illustrations not on the illustrations themselves.All illustrations must be supplied at the correct resolution:
- Black and white and colour photos – 300 dpi
- Graphs, drawings, etc –300 dpi minimum
- Combinations of photos and drawings (black and white and colour) – 300 dpi minimum

Article Types

Section

Word Limit Abstract Type* References Figures/Tables
Original Articles 4000 Structured 200 or fewer words 45 or fewere bibliographic references No more than 6 tables/figures
Reviews 4000 Non structured, 200 or fewer 5 words 50 or fewer references No more than 5 tables/figures
Case based reviews 3500 Non structured, 200 or fewer 5 words 40 or fewer bibliographic references No more than 4 tables/figures
credits